Complexes are now becoming taller vertically as a result of fast urbanization and space limitations, which make fire safety and rescue in high-rise residential buildings a very challenging assignment but not for Aura Fire Safety. In a few cases of residential fire outbreaks in large cities, fire officials were unable to pinpoint the exact origin of the fire and discovered that the structures lacked fire safety gear and detection systems. Cooking gas accidents/explosions and electrical short circuits are thought to be the main causes of fires in residential communities.
Let’s examine the precautions needed to keep residents of our high-rise residential structures and firefighters safe.
Rules and requirements for stairways
To prevent frantic running during an evacuation, each high-rise structure should have two stairwell exits with a width of 1 to 2 meters, according to fire safety standards for high-rise residential buildings. You can use one of the other stairwells as an escape route if a fire starts in one of them. The stairway should be blocked, properly ventilated, and not designed to go all the way to the basement (a different stairway should lead from the ground to the basement) in order to avoid fire and smoke migration. Fire doors with a two-hour fire resistance should be installed at all elevator lobbies, stairwells, and escape route entrances.
Using and provisions for elevators
Despite the fact that every high-rise building must have an elevator capable of carrying 545 kg, elevators are not often utilized for evacuation during a fire. In high-rise structures with a “Fireman Switch,” one high-speed fire elevator should be installed, as well as one with a conventional lift, to allow firefighters to reach floors quicker. Sprinklers and a fire detection system
The degree of risk in the region will determine how much effort is put into installing both sophisticated and basic detection systems. Automated detectors, two-way communication systems, and speaker microphones should be accessible on each level. Since there is a significant chance of ignitable materials in basements, parking lots, and gas pipeline installations, each level might contain its own automated sprinkler system. Fire dampers, hallway lights, and boiler rooms should be installed, according to Aura Fire Safety’s standards.
Safety precautions and evacuation
Every high-rise structure must include procedures for putting out flames before they start, putting out flames after they start, and escaping the structure when they do. Every high-rise structure must have a distinct fire safety strategy and evacuation procedure. Emergency services (fire, police, ambulance, etc.) should be considered when designing fire safety plans. Surprise drills, private drills, and silent drills may be held once a year in a residential structure to evaluate the readiness of the escape routes.
In order to comply with the law, your establishment should have a sprinkler system that runs automatically. If that doesn’t work, ask the MC to install one. A high-rise structure’s occupants are typically alerted by a variety of warning methods before being latestforyouth evacuated.
Guidance on evacuation
- Know where the manual fire alarm boxes are located in your building, which is typically located near the exit door and should be pulled promptly in case of fire.
- Ensure that no equipment or obstacles are positioned against emergency exit doors and that they are always left unlocked.
- Don’t go crazy or start a stampede.
- Women and children should leave first.
- Check the temperature of the exit door handle as you leave.
- Locate a different exit staircase if it is warm.
- Be sure to lock all doors as you leave.
- If there is too much smoke while taking the stairs out, crouch and keep close to the ground.
Ultimately, if you’re more collected and proactive, you’ll cause less panic and uncertainty. Every occupant must be familiar with the building’s fire safety plan and take personal responsibility for handling flammables.